As a practical matter, in cases involving land taken for a border wall, juries comprising members of our diverse community in the Rio Grande Valley decide just how much the federal government should pay their neighbors and local landowners.
"It won't last unless we do something to secure the border, a wall or physical barrier". It has been estimated the massive barrier could cost some $21 billion over almost four years.
Though DHS has not made submitted proposals public, a handful of design and construction firms have shared their ideas with news organizations.
According to Pat Bell of River Bend, she voted for Trump but never supported his border wall plan, and now she may have to get a lawyer because her home will no longer be in Texas. Also, the structure can not interfere with cross-border waterways, including the Rio Grande River, under a 1947 treaty with Mexico.
Some opted to get creative with their proposals, suggesting monorails and solar energy along the USA border with Mexico. But they don't want people on the other side to see them.
"Everybody else looks at this as a construction project", Carpenter said.
Apart from the cost of the wall, the geography where the wall will be built has treaty limitations. "We're not going to sign a blank check for a wall that we know isn't going to get built". "The wall. A physical barrier".
The side facing the US should be "aesthetically pleasing in color", the instructions said.
Speaking to an unnamed US official with knowledge of the plans, the AP said the government would spend $200,000 to $500,000 on each prototype and the Border Patrol (and local police) would establish a buffer zone at the San Diego County site where they are constructed.More news: Indian male dies after attack by cow vigilantes in India
Bidders interviewed said they could build the model for $200,000, the presolicitation price.
Kelly said he's been given "elbow room" by the president to execute the border as he sees fit and the wall could be combination of fencing, surveillance and technology.
CBP solicits for contractors to build "physically imposing" border wall.
"I think the government will step up to the plate and provide security, if not we as a company will provide it for our workers", Holley said.
Despite their common goal, the companies submitting bids have followed some radically different paths in their approach.
"You could fire a tank round at it and it will take the impact", said company founder Dennis O'Leary.
"Nobody wants to hear about a kid dying on the wall", he said.
"We confront sophisticated and adaptable adversaries and we are dedicated to maintaining our vigilance as we work to counter these threats to our national security", said Kelly, named to his post in January to oversee a DHS staff of 230,000.
Former Border Patrol deputy chief Ronald Colburn also testified, discussing his time as the chief of the Yuma Border Patrol Sector between southwestern Arizona and southeastern California as well as his involvement in Operation Jump Start to construct a border fence starting in 2006.