President Donald Trump- hammering his "America First" campaign theme after recent policy flip-flops that have infuriated his populist base - signed an executive order on Tuesday authorizing studies and tweaks in government rules that could lead to restrictions on foreign technical workers.
"We are going to defend our workers, protect our jobs and finally put America first", declared Trump at a rally in Wisconsin.
The new order would direct US agencies to propose rules to prevent immigration fraud and abuse in the program.
The tech industry has argued that the H-1B program is needed because it encourages students to stay in the USA after getting degrees in high-tech specialties and because companies can't always find enough American workers with the skills they need. The H-1B visas section included no definite timeline, while the government procurement section did.
Another review is aimed at rules governing visas issued to foreigners with certain skills that are in demand (H-1-B visas).More news: North Korea celebrates 'Day of the Sun' with defiant show of might
"If it turns out America is a net loser because of those free-trade agreement waivers, which apply to nearly 60 countries, these waivers may be promptly renegotiated or revoked", a second official said.
"As the process goes forward we believe that a more thoughtful and a more logical approach is desirable, keeping in view the impact on American businesses", Chandrashekhar said.
"Right now, widespread abuse in our immigration system is allowing American workers of all backgrounds to be replaced by workers brought in from other countries", Mr Trump said.
Last year, Disney was accused of taking advantage of the H-1B visa scheme to lay off American technology workers, who were forced to train their foreign replacements. He has already signed a number of executive orders since he took office, including the decision to ban travelers from some majority-Muslim nations. These sign on executive order is a part of fulfilling his promises which he made in the election campaign past year. As ordered by the Congress, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) consistently issued 65,000 H-1B visas and another 20,000 to those candidates having aces and higher degrees from a US educational organization.
Meanwhile, H-1B workers in management, law, sales, architecture and engineering, healthcare, and several other fields were paid more than all workers, according to the AP analysis of fiscal year 2016 H-1B applicants.
But it falls way short of Mr Trump's campaign pledge to end the H-1B visa programme. Many of those proposals, as per industry body Nasscom, are discriminatory and are targeted towards Indian IT companies.
Trump stunned the world on November 8 a year ago by defeating his heavily favored Democratic opponent, Hillary Clinton, in the presidential election, sending the United States on a new and uncertain path.